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EMN Informs

Short Informs focus on specific topics in the area of migration and asylum and they briefly describe the main findings and statistics related to the particular topic. They are composed by the European Commission based on the studies or Ad-Hoc Queries. You can find the Informs not only in this section, but also in related annual reports and studies.

The use of digitalisation and artificial intelligence in migration management in EU and OECD countries (2021)

Joint EMN-OECD Inform provides an overview of the potential for digital technologies and artificial intelligence to support the management of migration, acquisition of citizenship, asylum procedures and border control. It maps already existing or planned measures in the countries in question in this area and at the same time takes into consideration the related issues of fundamental rights implications, including data protection.


Download attachments: Inform (EN)

Exploring Legal Pathways to Fulfil Labour Needs (2021)

Inform focuses on Member States’ experience with new legal pathways in two areas: partnerships with third countries and schemes of legal migration or labour mobility; and complementary work-related pathways for those in need of international protection.

Download attachments: inform (EN)

Separated and missing migrants: Member States approaches to prevent family separation and search mechanisms for missing migrants (2021)

The Inform maps the approaches of Member States to prevent third-country nationals being separated from their families in three different scenarios: i) when they first come into contact with authorities; ii) during transfers from one facility to another; and iii) during their stay in a Member State. The Inform also reports on how Member States treat the issue of third-country nationals going missing, including existing procedures to report and search for a third-country national reported missing. The Inform considers the situation of third-country nationals who are separated from their families or go missing involuntarily. The issue of unaccompanied minors going missing is not addressed, as it was analysed in another Inform.

Download attachments: Inform (EN)

The impact of COVID-19 in the migration area in EU and OECD countries (2021)

The EMN OECD Umbrella Inform provides an update on the series of previous 5 Informs. It adds missing information as of 31 December 2020, summarises and analyses the key findings of the previous editions. It also identifies main challenges and lessons learned resulting from the measures adopted during the pandemic situation. The Inform covers the following areas of migration of the third country nationals: residence permits, entry conditions, unemployment and labour market needs (Chapter 1); international protection (Chapter 2); international students (Chapter 3); voluntary and forced return (Chapter 4). The final chapter presents important changes and innovations in the area of migration that are likely to be of particular focus in the coming years.

Download attachments: Flash (EN) Inform (EN)

Impact of Covid-19 pandemic on voluntary and forced return procedures and policy responses (2021)

The Inform focuses on the changes in policies and measures taken by the EU and OECD Member States in return procedures between March and September 2020. It examines the impact of measures taken in relation to the COVID-19 epidemic on the implementation of returns and issuance of return decisions. It also deals with detention and alternatives to detention as a prevention of absconding. It describes the changes introduced in providing pre-departure counselling and other related services and reintegration in the country of origin. It concentrates also on access to education of minors and access to health care for migrants who were issued a return decision. In the end, the Inform deals with specific measures related to returns implementation (e.g. issuance of travel documents, cooperation with other non-EU countries, etc.).

Download attachments: Inform (EN)

The Impact of COVID-19 on Remittances in EU and OECD Countries (2020)

The joint EMN – OECD Inform deals with the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on remittances. The Inform identifies 3 main drivers impacting remittances: (a) the economic driver, (b) the migration driver, and (c) the disruptions affecting provision of services. It also examines the impact of pandemic on remittance flows thus far and foresees future projections. It outlines policy recommendations at the international level in order to maintain the flow of remittances and provides examples of measures taken at the EU and OECD level. 

Download attachments: Inform (EN)

Maintaining Labour Migration in Essential Sectors in Times of Pandemic (2020)

This EU and OECD Inform examines whether foreign workers employed in certain sectors were exempted from restrictions adopted at the external and internal boarders of the EU and OECD countries. It also reviews measures implemented as a response to the COVID-19 crisis at the national level to facilitate the entry of foreigners into the territory of a Member State and their access to the labour market. The Inform also analyses the impact of the pandemic on the third-country nationals already residing in the EU and OECD countries as well as the undocumented migrants in the EU who have been offered a possibility to regularize their status for employment. Finally, given the importance of agriculture, the Inform focuses on the measures adopted for seasonal workers in this sector.

Download attachments: Inform (EN)

Impact of COVID-19 on international students in EU and OECD Member States (2020)

The Inform focuses on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international students in the EU and OECD Member States in the period between February and June 2020. While the long-term consequences are difficult to predict, the immediate impacts are already visible, for example, when processing new applications or renewal of residence or when loosing income from part-time jobs. The Inform analyses the measures taken in relation to the admission and stay of international students in the EU and OECD countries. It also looks at the financial impact on international students already residing in the EU and OECD countries. One chapter is dedicated to the measures to address the impact of COVID-19 on international students who graduated in 2019 and 2020.

Download attachments: Inform (EN)

EMN Coordinator for Slovakia

International Organization for Migration (IOM) – Office in the Slovak Republic

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European Comission - Directorate General for Migration and Home Affairs 

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